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Safe and Poisonous Houseplants locked

This is not a list to show safety or poisonous to hermit crabs:

Many homes contain houseplants or other natural materials to add beauty and interest to the décor. Not only are they attractive but many varieties of houseplants serve as indoor air cleaners as well. Lovely and functional as they may be, some houseplants may present a hazard especially if young children or pets share the household.

A poisonous plant is one that contains a chemical substance which produces a harmful reaction in the body of humans or animals when taken in small or moderate amounts. A harmful reaction could include allergic reactions, dermatitis or skin irritation, of internal poisoning. Allergic reactions are not always classified as poisoning and will not be treated as such here. This is because there is a wide range of plants that can cause allergic reactions, and sensitivity to a particular plant varies among individuals. Also, individuals can react in different ways after contact with a poisonous plant depending on their sensitivity level.

It is important that houseplant owners be aware of the potential problems that plants with toxic properties might cause. Be aware of the identity of your houseplants and learn if they pose potential threats to children and pets. If you cannot identify a houseplant, call your local Extension Center or the Home and Garden Education Center for assistance. It is also important to realize that many plants need to be consumed in considerable quantities for poisoning to occur. Often poisonous plants taste bitter or acrid and children and pets may not ingest large amounts. Young children, especially, should be taught not to put unknown plants or plant parts in their mouths.

If a houseplant or natural decoration is ingested by children or pets and poisoning is suspected, call your family doctor, nearest emergency room or veterinarian immediately. The number for the National Poison Center is (800) 222-1222. They can tell you if a plant is poisonous and what symptoms might be expected with a particular toxin. You will need to provide them with the identity of the plant, however.

The following is a list of plants considered toxic. Remember that plants may contain a variety of poisons. They may cause symptoms ranging from a mild stomach ache to serious heart and kidney problems.

Common Name ................. Latin Name

Amaryllis ................ ............Hippeastrum spp.
Anthurium..............................Anthurium spp.
Apricot kernels.......................Prunus armeniaca
Azaleas..................................Rhododendron spp
Caladium ...........................Caladium bicolor
Calla Lily........................... Calla palustrus
Chinese Evergreen........... Aglaonema spp.
Colchicum .....................Colcicum autumnale
Daffodil.............................Narcissus spp.
Dumb Cane ......................Dieffenbachia spp.
Elephant’s Ear................Colocasia antiquorum
English Ivy....................... Hedera helix
Fishtail Palm......................Caryota spp.
Holly Berries .........................Ilex spp.
Hyacinth ............................ Hyacinthus orientalis
Jerusalem Cherry....................... Solanum pseudocapsicum
Lantana .............................. Lantana camara
Mistletoe .............................Phoradendron villosum
Mountain laurel (holiday greens).... Kalmia spp.
Oleander .............................Nerium oleander
Philodendron .........................Philodendron spp.
Ranunculus ..........................Ranunculus spp.
Rosary Pea......................... Abrus precatorius
Schefflera............................Schefflera actinophylla
Spathiphyllum ........................Spathiphyllum spp.
Yew (holiday greens) ..............Taxus spp.

Plants listed below are considered safe and not poisonous. Although eating or touching these plants is unlikely to cause illness, any plant might cause a reaction in certain sensitive individuals.

African Daisy ....................Dimorphotheca aurantiaca
African Violet........................Saintpaulia ionantha
Aluminum Plant ....................Pilea spp.
Baby’s tears ........................Soleiria soleirolii
Bamboo, Golden...................... Phyllostachys aurea
Bird of Paradise ..................Strelitzia reginae
Bird’s Nest Fern.................Asplenium nidus
Boston Fern ......................Nephrolepis exaltata
Camellia........................... Camellia sinensis
Cast Iron Plant .................Aspidistra elatior
Christmas cactus .................Schlumbergera bridgesii
Coleus ...........................Coleus hybridus
Corn Plant........................... Draceana spp.
Donkey’s Tail.................... Sedum morganianum
Dracaena..............................Dracaena spp.
Echeveria .............................. Echeveria spp.
Figs, Weeping and Fiddleleaf**......Ficus spp.
Geraniums .........................Pelargonium spp.
Goldfish Plant........................ Columnea spp.
Impatiens .......................... Impatiens wallerana
Jade Plant............................Crassula argentea
Japanese Aralia ...................... Fatsia japonica
Kalanchoe ..........................Kalanchoe spp.
Lipstick Plant ......................... Aeschynanthus spp
Maidenhair Fern .....................Adiantum spp.
Nerve Plant ........................... Fittonia spp.
Orchids ........................ Cattleya, Epidendrum, Oncidium,
....................................... Paphiopedilum spp.
Norfolk Island Pine .............. Araucaria heterophylla
Palms ...........................Most nontoxic except fishtail palm, .........................................Caryota spp
Peperomia............................Peperomia spp.
Piggyback Plant **.................Tolmiea mensziesii
Poinsettia **.......................Euphorbia pulcherrima
Prayer Plant......................... Maranta leuconeura
Purple Passion Plant ................ Gynura aurantiaca
Sensitive Plant .................... Mimosa puddica
Spider Plant ..................... Chlorophytum comosum
Surinam cherry.................... Eugenia uniflora
Swedish Ivy .................. Plectranthus spp.
Wandering Jew **.................Tradescantia spp.
Wax Plant......................... Hoya carmosa
Zebra Plant .........................Aphelandra squarrosa

    • Sap may be irritating.

Remember:
Never eat any unknown plant and teach children the same.

* Keep poisonous houseplants out of reach of children and pets.
* Learn the names and potential toxicity of all houseplants.
* Any plant may cause a reaction in certain people. If a plant is eaten, remove the rest from the mouth and rinse the mouth with water. Call your doctor or the emergency room immediately if you suspect a problem.

Second Group:
Plants are third only to medicines and household chemicals in causing poisonings among children in the United States. It is wise to place all plants and plant materials out of reach of very young children (including seeds, plant bulbs, soil and fertilizers). lf you have a young child, buy only non-toxic plants.

The following is a list of the toxicity of common houseplants, including some common ornamentals growing around the home. Following this list is a description of the toxic compounds found
in some plants.

African Violet—(Episcia reptans) non-toxic.

Aluminum Plant—(Pilea cadierei) non-toxic.

Amaryllis—contain alkaloid lycorine, bulb is most toxic; Crincum, Huemanthus, and Nerine genera of Amaryllis also contain alkaloids in bulbs.

Aralia—(Fatsia japonica) non-toxic.

Arrowhead Plant, Nephthytis—(Syngonium podophyllum) toxic-oxalates.

Asparagus Fern—(Asparagus setaceus plumosus) toxic-dermatitis.

Avocado—(Persea americana) possibly toxic.

Azalea—(Rhododendron occidentale) toxic.

Baby Tears—(Helxine soleirolii) non-toxic.

Bear Feet—(Cotyledon tomentosa) succulent, non-toxic.

Begonia—(Begonia sp.) non-toxic.

Bird-of-Paradise—(Poinciana gilliesii) toxic.

Birdnest Sansevieria—(Sanseviera trifasciata) non-toxic.

Birds Nest Fern—(Asplenium nidus) non-toxic.

Bittersweet—(Solanum dulcamara) toxic-solanine

Bloodlead—(Iresine Herbstii) non-toxic.

Boston Fern—(Nephrolepis exalta) non-toxic.

Boston Ivy—(Parthenocissus quinquefolia) toxic-oxalates.

Bridal Veil—(Tradescantia ‘Bridal Veil’) non-toxic.

Caladium—(Caladium sp.) toxic-oxalates.

Calathea—(Calathea argyraea) non-toxic.

Chenille Plant—(Acalypha hispida) causes skin and gastrointestinal inflammation.

Christmas Cactus—(Zygocactus truncatus) non-toxic.

Christmas Rose—(Helleborus niger L.) toxic-glycosides.

Chrysanthemum—(Chrysanthemum sp.) may give dermatitis.

Coleus—(Coleus sp.) non-toxic.

Corn Plant—(Dracaena fragrans massangeana) non-toxic.

Creeping Charlie, Ground Ivy—(Glechoma hederacea) toxic.

Creeping Charlie, Creeping Jenny, Moneywort—(Lysimachia nummularia) non-toxic.

Creeping Charlie—(Pilea nummularifolia) non-toxic.

Creeping Fig—(Ficus) possible dermatitis.

Croton—(Codiaeum variegatum) many species contain croton oil, a strong purgative which causes gastroenteritis.

Crown of Thorns—(Euphorbia milii) toxic.

Cyclamen—(Cyclamen persicum) a case of poisoning was reported in 1798.

Donkey Tail—(Sedum morganianum) non-toxic.

Dracaena indivisa—(Cordyline indivisa) non-toxic.

Dumbcane—(Dieffenbachia Seguine) toxic-oxalates

Emerald Duke—(Philodendron hastatum) toxic-oxalates.

Emerald Ripple—(Peperomia caperata) non-toxic.

English Ivy—(Hedera helix) toxic.

False Aralia—(Dizygotheca elegantissima) non-toxic.

Ferns—some wild species toxic, no reports of poisoning from houseplant species.

Fiddleleaf Fig—(Ficus lyrata) non-toxic.

Gardenia—(Gardenia radicans floraplena) non-toxic.

Gold Toothed Aloe—(Aloe nobilis) toxic - possible dermititis.

Grape Ivy—(Cissus rhombifolia) non-toxic.

Heartleaf Philodendron—(Philodendron cordatum) toxic-oxalates.

Hoya, Wax Plant—(Hoya sp.) non-toxic.

Hydrangea—(Hydrangea sp.) toxic - contains cyanogenetic glycoside.

Indian Laurel—(Ficus nitida) non-toxic, possible dermatitis.

Jade Plant—(Crassula argentes) non-toxic.

Janet Craig Dracaena—(Dracaena deremensis) non-toxic.

Jerusalem Cherry—(Solanum pseudocapsicum) toxic - contains solanine.

Kalanchoe—(Kalanchoe sp.) non-toxic.

Lantana—(Lantana camara) berries of some species toxic.

Lily-of-the-Valley—(Convallaria majalis) toxic-glycosides.

Lipstick Plant—(Aeschynanthus lobbianus) non-toxic.

Madagascar Dragon Tree—(Dracaena marginata) non-toxic

Madagascar Jasmine—(Stephanotis floribunda) non-toxic

Madagascar Lace Plant—(Aponageton fenestralis) non-toxic

Marble Queen—(Scindapsus aureus, Pothos aureus) toxic-oxalates.

Majesty—(Philodendron hastatum) toxic-oxalates.

Moon Magic—(Pilea ‘Moon Magic’) non-toxic.

Narcissus—(Narcissus sp.) toxic-alkaloid lycorin.

Needlepoint Ivy—(Hedera helix ‘Needlepoint’ ) toxic.

Norfolk Island Pine—(Araucaria excelsa) non-toxic.

Oleander—(Nerium Oleander, L.) toxic-glycosides.

Parlor Palm—(Chamaedorea elegans) non-toxic.

Painted Needle—(Coleus) non-toxic.

Peacock Plant—(Calathea) non-toxic.

Peperomia—(Peperomia sp.) non-toxic.

Piggyback Plant—(Tolmiea menziesii) non-toxic.

Poinsettia—(Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd) A child died in 1919 from eating poinsettia. Currently, feeding experiments indicate that while poinsettia may cause a little irritation, the reports of serious poisonings are greatly exaggerated.

Ponytail Palm—(Beaucarenia recurvata) non-toxic.

Pothos, Devils Ivy—(Scindapsus aureus) toxic-oxalates.

Prayer Plant—(Maranta leuconeura) non-toxic.

Primula (Primrose)—some people are allergic to this genus. A rash similar to poison ivy may develop.

Purple Passion, Velvet Plant—(Gynura aurantiaca) non-toxic.

Purple Tiger—(Calathea) non-toxic.

Red Princess—(Philodendron hastatum) toxic-oxalates.

Rhubarb—(Rheum rhaponticum) leaves contain toxic oxalates.

Ripple Ivy—(Hedera helix ‘Ripple) toxic.

Rubber Tree—(Ficus elastica) non-toxic.

Saddle Leaf—(Philodendron selloum) toxic-oxalates.

Sensitive Plant—(Mimosa pudica) possibly toxic.

Silver Tree—(Pilea ‘Silver Tree’) non-toxic.

Snake Plant, Mother-in-law Tongue—(Sansevieria trifasciata) non-toxic.

Spider Plant, Airplane Plant—(Chlorophytum comosum) non-toxic.

Split Leaf Philodendron—(Monstera deliciosa) toxic-oxalates.

Sprengeri Fern—(Asparagus densiflorous ‘Sprengeri’) possible dermatitis.

Swedish Ivy—(Plectranthus australis) non-toxic.

Tahitian Bridal Veil—(Gibasis geniculata) non-toxic.

Ti Plant—(Cordyline terminalis) non-toxic.

Umbrella Plant—(Schefflera actinophylla) non-toxic.

Umbrella Plant—(Cyperus alternifolius) toxic.

Wandering Jew—(Tradescantia albiflora) non-toxic.

Warneckii—(Dracaena deremensis ‘Warneckii’ ) non-toxic.

Weeping Fig—(Ficus benjamina) possible dermatitis.

Zebra Plant—(Aphelandra squarrosa) non-toxic.


Toxic Compounds

Alkaloid lycorine—irritant to the gastrointestinal tract.

Dermatitis—may give a rash or inflammation after contact with skin or mucous membranes.

Glycosides—cause cardiac stimulation, gastric distress, irritant to mouth and gastrointestinal tract.

Oxalates—plants which contain oxalate salts produce mucous membrane irritation and pain
and/or swelling of mouth, lips, tongue, esophagus and stomach.

Solanine—irritation and injury of the digestive tract, abdominal cramps. vomiting. diarrhea, trembling, weakness, unconsciousness.

Toxic—if plants are listed as toxic, they may contain a wide variety of toxins. Damage may be to stomach, heart, kidneys, or other organs.

Non-Toxic—these? plants have shown no more toxicity than an equal amount of vegetable matter. Symptoms are unlikely.


Created by ladybug15057. Last Modification: Saturday 25 of June, 2011 19:22:00 CDT by ladybug15057.
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